Graduate Students Parisi and Réthoré Successfully Defend Theses

Posted on April 19, 2019

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Flo Réthoré (left) and Ariela Parisi (right) pose together after successfully defending their graduate theses.

Flo Réthoré (left) and Ariela Parisi (right) pose together after successfully defending their graduate theses.

Early in April, two graduate students in Spanish and French successfully defended their Master’s theses.

On April 4, Ariela Parisi successfully defended her thesis entitled “José María Arguedas, héroe cultural: estructura mítica en Los ríos profundos.” 

Abstract: The traumatic experiences of the Peruvian writer José María Arguedas, his infinite compassion towards the indigenous people, his processes of self-identification and his own conception of mestizo, are variables reflected in his novel The Deep Rivers. The novel is a synthesis that illustrates, like his theoretical essays, his infinite commitment to recover and revalue the Andean culture so deeply related to the oral and mythological discourse. This synthesis, which is expressed in a narrative of unique characteristics, is composed of three levels that are analyzed in this thesis: the Andean cosmovision of natural animism materialized in the relationship between the protagonist and the geographical spaces, the conception of the protagonist as a child-hero and the violent rites of passage that it goes through, and the sound universe which is present exhaustively and shows tension between orality and writing, Spanish and Quechua. Through the detailed exploration of these three levels, it is proposed to give an account of those elements that made Arguedas’s prose a germinal example of a properly Andean narrative, later considered an unmistakable example of Peruvian neoindigenism.

On April 9, Florent Réthoré successfully defended his thesis entitled “L’évolution du rôle de l’humanisme dans le combat contre l’absurde chez Sartre, du futile à l’essentiel: 1938-1945.”

Abstract: When French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre argued in the famous 1945 conference that “existentialism is a humanism”, the audience felt torn between feelings of betrayal and incomprehension. Back in 1938, Sartre had embraced individualism as the only viable solution against the absurd and ridiculed humanism as a persistent illusion bonding Man in chains, thus keeping him away from attaining true conscience. That sudden change of position, in only a seven-year gap, prompts us to go back to the roots of Sartre’s existentialist theory and pinpoint its development along the years. As such, this thesis proposes a diachronic approach and a dissection of the new meaning of the term “humanism” as coined by Sartre in 1945, completely detached from the benevolent connotation often attached to the expression inherited from the Renaissance. To gain a full understanding of this apparent drastic change of position, this project offers to analyze Sartre’s evolution of humanism as seen through three of his works: La Nausée (novel), Being and Nothingness (philosophical treaty) and No Exit (Play) each published at short intervals, respectively in 1938, 1943 and 1944.


 

Please join the Department in congratulating both students on their efforts! 

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